Kate Fisher and Jana Funke’s article “The Age of Attraction: Age, Gender and the History of Modern Male Homosexuality” has been published open access in Gender & History (31(2) in July 2019. Read it online here: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1468-0424.12437
Our team members Jana Funke and Jen Grove are editors of a new volume Sculpture, Sexuality and History Encounters in Literature, Culture and the Arts from the Eighteenth Century to the Present (Palgrave, 2019).
- Offers a new understanding of the different ways in which the reception of statuary has been shaped by debates about sexuality and history
- Explores how sculptures have opened up debates about queer desires and identities, as well as obscenity, censorship and morality
- Brings together leading international experts and cutting-edge scholars from an extensive range of disciplines
Dr Ina Linge, Associate Research Fellow on the Rethinking Sexology project, has published a journal article entitled “Sexology, Popular Science and Queer History in Anders als die Andern (Different from the Others)” in Gender & History vol. 30 no 3, 2018. You can read and download this Open Access article here.
Dr Ina Linge, Associate Research Fellow on the Rethinking Sexology project, published a chapter on “German and British Sexual Sciences Across Disciplines at the Fin de Siècle: ‘Homosexuals’, ‘Inverts’ and ‘Uranians'” in The Edinburgh Companion to Fin-de-Siècle Literature, Culture and the Arts, ed. Josephine Guy (Edinburgh University Press, 2017).
Dr Ina Linge, Associate Research Fellow on the Rethinking Sexology project, published a co-edited volume (with Dr Robert Craig, University of Bamberg) entitled Biological Discourses: The Language of Science and Literature around 1900 (2017). Several chapters within this volume, in particular in ‘Part II: Constructions of Desire’ discuss the history and literature of sexology and psychoanalysis.
The relationship between biological thought and literature, and between science and culture, has long been an area of interest by no means confined to literary studies. The Darwin Anniversary celebrations of 2009 added to this tradition, inspiring a variety of new publications on the cultural reception of Darwin and Darwinism. With a fresh scope that includes but also reaches beyond the «Darwinian» legacy, the essays in this volume explore the range and diversity of interactions between biological thought and literary writing in the period around 1900.
How did literature uniquely shape the constitution and communication of scientific ideas in the decades after Darwin? Did literary genres dangerously distort, or shed critical light upon, the biological theories with which they worked? And what were the ethical and social implications of those relationships? With these broad questions in mind, the contributors consider the biological embeddedness of human nature, perspectives on sexual desire, developments in racial thinking and its political exploitation, and poetic engagements with experimental psychology and zoology. They also range across different literary traditions, from Germany, France, Italy, and the Netherlands, to Britain and the USA. Biological Discourses provides a rich cross-section of the contested relationship between literature and biological thought in fin-de-siècle and modernist cultures.
Reference: Ina Linge and Robert Craig (eds.), ‘Biological Discourses: The Language of Science and Literature around 1900’ (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2017).
Abstract: This article reveals previously overlooked connections between eighteenth-century antiquarianism and early twentieth-century sexual science by presenting a comparative reading of two illustrated books: An Account of the Remains of the Worship of Priapus, by British antiquarian scholar Richard Payne Knight (1750–1824), and Die Weltreise eines Sexualforschers (The World Journey of a Sexologist), by German sexual scientist Magnus Hirschfeld (1868–1935). A close analysis of these publications demonstrates the special status of material artefacts and the strategic engagement with visual evidence in antiquarian and scientific writings about sex. Through its exploration of the similarities between antiquarian and sexual scientific thought, the article demonstrates the centrality of material culture to the production of sexual knowledge in the Western world. It also opens up new perspectives on Western intellectual history and on the intellectual origins of sexual science. While previous scholarship has traced the beginnings of sexual science back to nineteenth-century medical disciplines, this article shows that sexual scientists drew upon different forms of evidence and varied methodologies to produce sexual knowledge and secure scientific authority. As such, sexual science needs to be understood as a field with diverse intellectual roots that can be traced back (at least) to the eighteenth century.
Full citation: Funke J, Fisher K, Grove J, and Langlands, R, “llustrating phallic worship: uses of material objects and the production of sexual knowledge in eighteenth-century antiquarianism and early twentieth-century sexual science”, Word and Image, Volume 33, 2017 – Issue 3: Mediating the Materiality of the Past, 1700–1930
This article is available open access.
Rome is a significant site in the late nineteenth-century sexological construction of modern figurations of homosexuality, although so far it has been overlooked. Although sexological discussions of Rome are often less elaborate than those of Greece, Roman sexualities proved central to the sexologists’ interest in diverse types or subcategories of ‘homosexuality’ or ‘sexual inversion’, and Roman history and literature enabled sexologists to develop and reinforce distinctions between, for example, congenital homosexuality and cultured or degenerative sexualities. The chapter focuses on Havelock Ellis and John Addington Symonds, and their dialogue with continental sexology, exploring the representation of Greek and Roman sexualities, and analysing the conflicted ways in which Rome is integrated into the narrative of an affirmative history of male homosexuality that begins to emerge in sexological writings of the period.
Funke, J and Langlands R (2015) ‘The Reception of Rome in English Sexology’, in Ingleheart J (eds) Ancient Rome and the construction of modern homosexual identities, 109-125.
This chapter explores the as-yet little understood place of anthropological research into cross-cultural sexual behaviours and customs within the broader field of early twentieth-century sexual science. She offers a close reading of German sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld’s travel narrative The World Journey of a Sexologist (1933) and focuses, in particular, on his engagement with allegedly ‘primitive’ phallic cults in Asia. In so doing, the chapter interrogates how temporal hierarchies between the primitive and the civilized shaped modern understandings of sexuality, which emerged in dialogue with colonial constructions of racial and cultural difference. It also draws on Hirschfeld’s travel writings to demonstrate that the primitive past could be used in contradictory ways that both challenged and reinforced racial and cultural hierarchies and to different ends: to open up an understanding of sexual diversity and variation across the world and to legitimize the Western project of sexual science.
Funke, J (2015) ‘Navigating the Past: Sexuality, Race, and the Uses of the Primitive in Magnus Hirschfeld’s The World Journey of a Sexologist‘ in Fisher, K and Langlands, R Sex, Knowledge, and Receptions of the Past, Oxford University Press, 111-134.